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By Francisca Rodríguez *
Undoubtedly, this central mission of FAO to encourage governments to define policies, programs and resources for an action plan called to confront this dramatic situation, is threatened by the mercantilist interests of capital that only see this serious situation as one. of businesses that will bring them enormous economic profits and, at the same time, maintain a political dominance against the states that are becoming increasingly dependent on large-scale agricultural production from agribusiness.
Food is a human right and a duty of States to guarantee it
Hence, La Via Campesina's approach, based on a broad conception of humanity and rights, places our approach to Food Sovereignty as a fundamental principle of struggle to combat hunger in the world and the great causes that generate it, our approach to develop solidarity and brotherhood among the peoples as the main weapon based on an essential requirement of the utmost importance that goes beyond the struggles of the peasants to continue developing and defending local agriculture, it was aimed at placing in the social conscience Food Sovereignty as a sovereign right of each nation to guarantee the food of its peoples.
This was one of our most important and strategic affirmations to face one of the measures directed by economic interests to raise as a solution the flags of food security, and therefore generate measures for the acquisition of food through the supply of countries and the large corporations, under the pretext of humanitarian aid, putting at serious risk the very peasant production that for centuries has fed humanity.
What has happened during these 20 years of struggle and resistance of the Via Campesina
Undoubtedly, the certainties in our proposals have become more and more irrefutable; Through concrete and well-founded proposals, we have pointed out ways out of the global problems generated by the current models of production and consumption promoted from a capitalism that has expanded its dominance over States and governments, particularly by manipulating the consciousness of large popular masses dominated by consumerism. and individualism.
It is obvious that in our journey there are advances and setbacks, but the truth is that today the correctness of our approach that has promoted unity and organization around the political principle of Food Sovereignty, as a guiding axis of our struggles in the context, would be undeniable. continental and global. We have managed to place our proposals as issues of the utmost importance and indisputable to guarantee peace, justice, the good life of the peoples and the life of the planet, at the highest levels.
Our proposals breaking the fence of the institutionality
We have reached spaces within the United Nations: in FAO, in the Food Safety Council, in the mechanism created for civil society to address our proposals; also in the process that the Human Rights Commission is promoting to install the Charter of the Rights of Peasants and Peasants in the UN. It is a tool that, together with the Voluntary Guidelines for Responsible Land Tenure, leads us to advance before governments the formulation of fair and accurate policies of the role of peasant agriculture as a central axis to guarantee food and agriculture. survival of our planet, fighting global warming, recovering our ancestral practices of working the land and producing food through agroecology based on caring for mother earth.
To sow seeds of peace, we need seeds and peasant agriculture
Today Food Sovereignty is already integrated into the constitutions of some States, as well as in several countries legislation on food security and Sovereignty and nutrition laws have been passed. There is also progress in being able to debate it in the FAO on the basis that there will be no food security without Food Sovereignty. Undoubtedly, everything that has been advanced up to now is insufficient, when more and more the attack on peasant agriculture and the feeding of the peoples becomes more serious. The dramatic exodus of the thousands and thousands of refugees who, fleeing the horror of wars fabricated by the expansionist interests of capital, claim to be welcomed and fed, are yet another example of this scourge.
Added to this situation is the fact that, recently and for the first time, a director general of FAO intervenes in the United Nations Security Council, the body responsible for maintaining international peace and security, where José Graciano Da Silva, currently Director General of FAO, made his voice heard on the inescapable relationship between food security and peace, in his speech "Sowing food security, reap peace". Emphasizing that: Sustainable peace is intimately linked to sustainable development, food and its production. To sow the seeds of peace, we need seeds. And also to farmers to plant them!
Our Fight is for Food Sovereignty Now
* Francisca Rodríguez is a Chilean peasant leader, political leader of the Latin American Coordination of Rural Organizations –CLOC-Via Campesina– and of the CLOC Women's Articulation.
Latin America in Motion Magazine