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By Constanza Martínez Gaete
Based on this approach, most of his ideas converge on the need that sustainable mobility should prevail in cities, as he addresses in his book "Walkable Cities", in which, among other issues, he raises eight techniques so that cities are more walkable.
In this way, it seeks to avoid urban sprawl and change its mentality, moving from a culture centered on cars to one that favors walks and the use of bicycles as a means of transport. Following this idea, he made a series of four videos in which he shows how roads can be reassigned to give more routes to cyclists.
Below we show you each of its four proposals in videos.
1. From three car lanes to two one way
The video above shows how a street that has three car lanes can be transformed into one with two car lanes and a two-way bike lane.
For this, Speck proposes that the track designated for cyclists should be on one side of the street and that it be separated from motorized vehicles by a track where cars can be parked.
In Brooklyn, New York, this redistribution of space was implemented on Prospect Park West Street and brought with it notable benefits, two of them being a decrease in the speed of cars by 77% and a reduction in crashes by 64% , thus creating a safer environment for everyone, especially for cyclists and pedestrians.
2. From four car lanes to two lanes
Unlike the previous proposal, this one reduces the car lanes by half, going from two in each direction to one in each direction. In this way, it is possible to allocate a central track for the turns of the cars and obtain a vacant space on both sides where the cars circulated to build a bicycle lane.
3. Protected bike paths
Demarcate bicycle lanes is what Jeff Speck suggests that can be used even more in the streets where there is no type of infrastructure for cyclists because by reallocating the lanes safer bicycle lanes can be designed that do not require more space.
However, Speck considers that to guarantee the safety of both cyclists and any user of the road space, it is necessary to place special emphasis on intersections with a demarcation that attracts attention and that is distinguished from the rest of the signs.
4. One-way bike path
Streets that are approximately 40 meters wide or more encourage motorists to travel faster, according to Speck. For this reason, he considers that implementing a bicycle lane on these types of streets makes them a safer place.
However, due to the dimensions of the street, it is advisable that it only have one direction and that in a nearby street part of the flow of cyclists can be absorbed through the creation of another cycle path that gives continuity to the movements.
* The 3D videos were made by designer Spencer Boomhower, belonging to the Cupola Media agency, based on proposals made by Jeff Speck.